Scientifically, industrial Hemp and Marijuana are the same plant, with a genus and species name of Cannabis Sativa. They are dramatically different though (think of it as hemp and marijuana are cousins). Industrial Hemp is always a strain of Cannabis sativa, while marijuana can be Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, or Cannabis ruderalis. The major difference is how industrial hemp has been bred compared to a marijuana form of Cannabis sativa.
Typically speaking, industrial hemp is very fibrous, with long strong stalks, and barely has any flowering buds, while a marijuana strain of Cannabis sativa will be smaller, bushier, and full of flowering buds. Majority of the time, marijuana has a higher amount of THC and only a very low amount of CBD. Hemp, on the other hand, naturally has a very high amount of CBD, and only a trace amount of THC. So, the cannabinoid profile of hemp is perfect for people looking for benefits from cannabis without the ‘high.’
Hemp has always been used for making herbal supplements, sails on a ship, food, rope, paper, bricks, oil, natural plastic, and much more. The term cannabis oil can be directed to either a marijuana or hemp derived oil, since marijuana and hemp are two different forms of cannabis.